Consciousness is humanity’s most primary and fundamental experience yet it is also its most elusive. Just What is consciousness? This question has plagued history’s greatest philosophers and scientists. Subsequently this has produced the most polarised views that include dualism and the soul (that mind and brain are distinct) to the most reductive elements of naturalistic materialism where some even argue that what we experience as consciousness is merely an illusion that arises from modal brain states
Michael Graziano is Professor of psychology and neuroscience at Princeton University. His research at the Princeton Neuroscience Institute focuses on the brain basis of consciousness. Brains arrive at the conclusion that they have an internal, subjective experience of things — an experience that is non-physical and inexplicable and therefore how can this phenomena be studied scientifically? His research produces a scientific framework for the study of consciousness and qualia. He is the author of Consciousness and the Social Brain (2013) and the forthcoming The Spaces Between Us: A Story of Neuroscience, Evolution, and Human Nature (2018), both on Oxford University Press.